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Vol. 6. Issue 1.
Pages 5-10 (January - February 2010)
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Vol. 6. Issue 1.
Pages 5-10 (January - February 2010)
DOI: 10.1016/S2173-5743(10)70003-4
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Hiperlaxity ligamentous (Beighton test) in the 8 to 12 years of age school population in the province of Granada
Hiperlaxitud ligamentosa (test de Beighton) en la población escolar de 8 a 12 aĩos de la provincia de Granada
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Félix Zurita Ortegaa,
Corresponding author
felixzo@ual.es

Corresponding author.
, Luis Ruiz Rodríguezb, Asunción Martínez Martíneza,b, Manuel Fernández Sáncheza, Concepción Rodríguez Paiza,b, Remedios López Liriaab
a Escuela Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Almería, Spain
b Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal (Área de Corporal), Universidad de Granada, Spain
Article information
Abstract

The Beighton test is the most commonly used tool for detecting ligamentous hiperlaxity, characterized by excessive joint mobility. This descriptive cross-sectional study examined a sample of 2956 children (49.9% boys and 50.1% girls), from eight to twelve years of age, living in the province of Granada, The aim of the study is to show the incidence level of hiperlaxity among the school-aged population, while establishing its frequency in relation to gender and age, and determining the area with the highest number of cases within the province of Granada. The Beighton test was employed for data collection. The sample showed that 25, 4% of individuals got a positive Beighton result (laxity), and girls had a higher incidence level (62.1%) than boys. The results show a similar level of incidence among boys and girls between eight and ten years of age as well, however the incidence decreases among young children (under 8 years). Regarding the geographical areas, the distribution is quite heterogeneous, but we were able to highlight the difference between a result of 50% in area 4 and 12% in area 2, due to genetic and racial factors. In conclusion, the results obtained through this study show a lower incidence of hiperlaxity compared to the results found in the American continent being slightly higher than those from other European and African countries.

Keywords:
Hypermobility
Hiperlaxity ligamentous
Beighton test
Schoolchildren
Laxity
Resumen

El test de Beighton es la herramienta más utilizada para la detección de la hiperlaxitud ligamentosa, que es la movilidad articular de rango excesivo. A través de este estudio de carácter descriptivo transversal llevado a cabo con una muestra de 2.956 niños/as (el 49,9% de chicos frente al 50,15% de chicas) de 8 a 12 años de la provincia de Granada se pretende detectar la prevalencia de la hiperlaxitud en la población escolar, determinar en qué sexo y a qué edad es más frecuente y en qué área geográfica de la provincia de Granada se establece mayor número de casos. En la recogida de datos que se realizó se empleó el test de Beighton, obteniendo que un 25,4% de los sujetos presentaron Beighton positivo (laxitud), que las chicas tenían proporciones más altas (62,1%) que los chicos, que entre los ocho y los diez años los valores son similares y disminuyen a partir de esa edad. En cuanto a las zonas, la distribución es bastante heterogénea, destacando el 50% de la zona 4 frente al 12% de la zona 2, debido a factores genéticos y raciales. Por último, este estudio pone de manifiesto que los datos obtenidos son inferiores a los hallados en el continente americano y ligeramente superiores a los encontrados en otros países europeos y africanos.

Palabras clave:
Hipermovilidad
Hiperlaxitud ligamentosa
Test Beighton
Escolares
Laxitud
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