Publish in this journal
Journal Information
Vol. 9. Issue 4.
Pages 239-242 (July - August 2013)
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Visits
5771
Vol. 9. Issue 4.
Pages 239-242 (July - August 2013)
Case Report
DOI: 10.1016/j.reumae.2013.03.003
Cement Pulmonary Embolism After Vertebroplasty
Embolismo pulmonar por cemento tras vertebroplastia
Visits
5771
Walter Alberto Sifuentes Giraldoa,??
Corresponding author
albertosifuentesg@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, José Ramón Lamúa Riazueloa, José Ignacio Gallego Riverab, Mónica Vázquez Díaza
a Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
b Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
This item has received
5771
Visits
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (2)
Abstract

In recent years, the use of vertebral cementing techniques for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty has spread for the treatment of pain associated with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. This is also associated with the increased incidence of complications related with these procedures, the most frequent being originated by leakage of cementation material. Cement can escape into the vertebral venous system and reach the pulmonary circulation through the azygous system and cava vein, producing a cement embolism. This is a frequent complication, occurring in up to 26% of patients undergoing vertebroplasty but, since most of the patients have no clinical or hemodynamical repercussion, this event usually goes unnoticed. However, some serious, and even fatal cases, have been reported. We report the case of a 74-year-old male patient who underwent vertebroplasty for persistent pain associated with osteoporotic L3 vertebral fracture and who developed a cement leak into the cava vein and right pulmonary artery during the procedure. Although he developed a pulmonary cement embolism, the patient remained asymptomatic and did not present complications during follow-up.

Keywords:
Osteoporosis
Vertebral compression fracture
Vertebroplasty
Cement pulmonary embolism
Resumen

En los últimos años se ha extendido el uso de técnicas de cementación vertebral, vertebroplastia y cifoplastia, para el tratamiento del dolor asociado a fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas. Se han descrito diferentes complicaciones relacionadas con dichos procedimientos, siendo las más frecuentes derivadas de la fuga del material de cementación. El cemento puede extravasarse al sistema venoso vertebral y a través del sistema ácigos y la vena cava alcanzar la circulación pulmonar, produciendo embolismo por cemento. Esta complicación es frecuente, ocurriendo hasta en 26% de los pacientes sometidos a vertebroplastia, pero dado que generalmente no produce repercusión hemodinámica ni clínica este evento suele pasar inadvertido. Sin embargo, se han descrito algunos casos graves e incluso fatales. Presentamos un paciente varón de 74 años, sometido a vertebroplastia por dolor persistente asociado a una fractura vertebral osteoporótica en L3, que presentó una fuga de cemento hacia la vena cava y la arteria pulmonar derecha. Aunque desarrolló un embolismo pulmonar por cemento, el paciente permaneció asintomático y sin complicaciones durante el seguimiento.

Palabras clave:
Osteoporosis
Fractura vertebral
Vertebroplastia
Embolismo pulmonar por cemento

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Reumatología Clínica (English Edition)
Member
If you are member of Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) or the Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología (CMR):
Please go to the member area of SER or CMR and log in.
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Reumatología Clínica (English Edition)

Comprar
Comprar acceso al artículo

Comprando el artículo el PDF del mismo podrá ser descargado

Precio 22,50 €

Comprar ahora
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Email
Idiomas
Reumatología Clínica (English Edition)

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
Tools
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

es en
Política de cookies Cookies policy
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.