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Vol. 18. Issue 2.
Pages 94-99 (February 2022)
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Vol. 18. Issue 2.
Pages 94-99 (February 2022)
Original Article
Education and Use of Lung Ultrasound in Rheumatology and Pneumology in Spain: A SER-SEPAR Survey
Educación y uso de la ecografía pulmonar en reumatología y neumología en España: encuesta SER-SEPAR
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Fredeswinda Romero-Buenoa, María Jesús Rodríguez-Nietob, Esperanza Naredoa,
Corresponding author
enaredo@ser.es

Corresponding author.
a Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain
b Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, CIBERES, Spain
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Methods of LUS training received by the respondents.
Table 2. Organisers or sponsors of the LUS training received by the respondents.
Table 3. Optimal LUS training model (format, content and competency assessment and accreditation) chosen by respondents.
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Additional material (1)
Abstract
Introduction

Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a clinical and research tool with great potential in the diagnosis and monitoring of diffuse interstitial lung disease (ILD) present in systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD). Appropriate training in LUS is essential for the correct and safe use of this technique.

Objective

To document the current state of LUS education and use among Spanish rheumatologists and pneumologists.

Material and Methods

A national online survey was designed for members of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology and the ILD Area of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery. The survey consisted of 22 questions on demographics, professional activity, performance and training in LUS.

Results

One hundred and thirty-five (56.72% rheumatologists, 41.79% pneumologists) responded to the survey. Of these, 56.30% were part of an ILD Unit in their centre. LUS in clinical practice was performed by 35.82% but only 14.93% performed it in ILD, mainly for diagnostic purposes. Training in LUS of responders had been diverse in format, content and sponsors. The vast majority (87.79%) considered that the optimal model of education in LUS should be standardized and structured and consist of a combination of theoretical-practical courses and the conduct of a minimum number of supervised LUS examinations, with competency assessment.

Conclusions

The current lack of formal structured education in LUS is an opportunity to develop quality educational programmes in this emerging field.

Keywords:
Ultrasound
Ultrasonography
Lung
Interstitial lung disease
Systemic autoimmune diseases
Education
Resumen
Introducción

La ecografía pulmonar (ECOPULM) es una herramienta clínica y de investigación con un gran potencial en el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas (EPID) presentes en las enfermedades autoinmunes sistémicas (EAS). La formación apropiada en ECOPULM es esencial para el uso correcto y seguro de esta técnica.

Objetivo

Conocer la formación y uso de la ECOPULM entre los reumatólogos y neumólogos españoles.

Material y métodos

Se diseñó una encuesta nacional en línea, dirigida a los socios de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología y del Área de EPID de la Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica. La encuesta constaba de 22 preguntas sobre demografía y actividad profesional, realización y formación en ECOPULM.

Resultados

Ciento treinta y cinco socios (56,72% reumatólogos, 41,79% neumólogos) respondieron la encuesta. De ellos, el 56,30% formaban parte de una Unidad EPID en su centro. El 35,82% declararon que realizaban ECOPULM en su práctica clínica pero solo un 14,93% la realizaba en EPID, fundamentalmente con fines diagnósticos. La formación en ECOPULM de los respondedores había sido diversa en formato, contenido y auspiciadores. La gran mayoría (87,79%) consideraron que el modelo óptimo de educación en ECOPULM debería ser estandarizado y estructurado y consistir en una combinación formativa de cursos teórico-prácticos y la realización de un número mínimo de exploraciones ecográficas pulmonares supervisadas, con evaluación de competencia.

Conclusiones

La carencia actual de formación estructurada formal en ECOPULM supone una oportunidad para desarrollar programas educacionales de calidad en este campo emergente.

Palabras clave:
Ecografía
Ultrasonografía
Pulmón
Enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales
Enfermedades autoinmunes sistémicas
Formación

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